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Контрольная работа по английскому языку

Опубликовано 18.07.2022

The plan of the Discussion of the Text

  1. 1.     Speak about the author and the book from which the extract is taken.
  2. 2.     Characterize the extract from the point of its structure (form, composition).

The text may present:

-        a piece of dramatic prose; a piece of narration (an account of events);

-        a description (of nature, of some historic event, of surroundings, of a humorous episode);

-        a piece of criticism; a satirical portrayal of society;

-        a piece of character-drawing (of portraiture, a psychological portrayal of some personages);

-        a dialogue;

-        a dramatic monologue.

Here often than not the text presents several components. Name all of them. (For example, "Several forms of presentation interrelate in this text'').

  1. 3.     State whether the narration is first-person, third-person or anonymous.

If it is done in the first person, mention whether the narrator is his own protagonist (the chief character of the story) or he may focus on another.

If it is done in the third person, the narrator focuses on some other character of whom he may have direct knowledge but acts as an observer.

The narrator may have no direct relation to the person he speaks about, he may not be present at all, he may be entirely anonymous.

  1. 4.     Summarize the essence of the extract in a nut-shell (or reveal the plot of the story, passage, etc.)

The plot is a sequence of events in which the characters are involved. The theme and the idea revealed.

The theme (or the subject) is the matter of a literary work to be dealt with, the represented aspect of life.

The idea of a literary work is the underlying thought and emotional attitude transmitted to the reader by the whole structure of the text.

The plot may be eventless or very rich in events. Events are made of episodes, episodes, in their turn, of smaller action details.

The account of events may be detached, unemotional or passionate.

The plot may consist of:

-        introduction (exposition),

-        development (gradation, story),

-        climax (collision),

-        denouement.

An extract of a literary work (or a story) may have all of the above mentioned elements of the plot or it may not contain all of them and their sequence in the text may vary.

Speak on the plot of the story (beginning, development, end), say in what order the elements of the plot follow (exposition, story, climax, denouement).

  1. 5.     State whether the extract falls into logically completed parts. Entitle them; give a brief summary of each. Find sentences or words which may serve key-sentences, key-words; motivate your choices.
  2. 6.     In what mood is the text written?

It may be dry, matter-of-fact, dramatic, lyrical, pathetic (touching), elated, passionate, unemotional, serious, mocking, ironical, satirical, cheerful or gloomy, bitter, tense and nervous or light. How is it revealed? What stylistic devices are employed to this end?

  1. 7.     Speak about central characters.

Is their characterization direct, indirect or mixed? Prove it. To what stylistic devices does the author resort in character drawing? Comment on their choice and purpose.

  1. 8.     Speak about your own attitude.

George Sheffield

A Sad Story

«You are the doctor, I suppose,» said Augustus Pokewhistle, smiling from his bed at the immense man who had arrived secretly while he slept. «It is kind of you to come, but I fear you cannot help me. However, as you are here, I will tell you, very shortly, what is wrong with me. I am an artist I paint pictures and I draw drawings…»


«You are going to tell me that you are not interested in the story of my life, » Augustus laughed bitterly. «You are one of the soulless public, and it is of no importance to you if a clever young man should take to his bed in the height of his youth, never to rise again. But I suppose you have been sent here by some interfering so-called friend of mine to save me from the Silent Grave, and I must therefore explain my illness. And you cannot understand my illness unless I tell you the story of my life…»


«I was delicately brought up, and it soon became clear that I was not an ordinary boy. At the age of seven I won a prize for a drawing of an animal. We will forget the fact that I had intended my drawing to represent Sunset over London. After that my proud parents provided me with plenty of pencils and paper and gave me the opportunity of studying under Great Painters. At the age of twenty-one I started business as a painter of people, and painted eleven pictures of my own face. Nobody seemed to want them, and if you will go into my sitting-room, you will see them hanging sadly on the wall, looking down at the Empty Chair which I will never sit in again. For I am certain that I shall never rise from this bed ...»


«Nobody came to have their pictures painted, and I had no heart to paint any more of myself. Although it may seem impossible I could no longer get any real pleasure out of it after I had finished the eleventh, and this proves that one can get tired of even the most heavenly beauty ...»


«May I mention that there is a certain sameness in your remarks? Let me finish, and then you can say “but” as often as you like. I turned from painting people to painting the country. Nine times I painted the view from the back window, and seven times I painted the view from the front window. But could I sell the seven pictures of the view from the front window, or the nine of the view from the back window? I could not. I had little money left, and I decided, after a severe struggle with myself, to forget my soul and paint for money. I determined to draw funny pictures for the newspapers. Remember that I was without hope and almost hungry, and do not think of me too severely... »

«But ...»

«I know what you are going to say - if I had had the soul of a true artist, I would have died rather than do such a thing. But remember that my wife and children were crying for bread -or would have been crying for bread if I had had a wife and children. And was it my fault that I hadn't a wife and little children? So I made thirty or forty funny drawings every day and sent them to the papers. I soon found that selling one's soul for money is not so easy as it sounds. Believe it or not, I got no money. I just got my drawings back…»


«You may well ask why they were sent back. I cannot tell you. I tested them on the cat I had often heard the expression, funny enough to make a cat laugh! And so I placed them in a line and carried the cat along in front of them. He laughed until he was sick... in any case he was sick.

«Then I sank lower and lower. I tried drawing for advertisements. Clothes, pianos, bottles. Immensely tall ladies with foolish smiles. I sent them off by the hundred, and all I received was a sample bottle or two, and a Sample card of wool. I rather expected to get a Sample tall lady with a foolish smile, but probably she got lost in the post …»


«So I gave up the struggle. My heart was broken, and I determined to take to my bed, never to rise again. You cannot help me, doctor. No skill of yours can help me feel it in my bones that I shall never rise from this bed…»

«And I feel it in my bones that you will,» said stranger, carefully placing Augustus Pokewhistle on the carpet, «because I've come to take it away. I’m from furniture shop, and the bed isn't paid for.»


Контрольная по английскому вариант 4

Опубликовано 13.06.2022

Variant №4

I.    Match the words with the definitions.

1)   earnings                        a) financial protection

2)   consumption                 b) income

3)   recession                        c) the members of the population able to work

4)   workforce                     d) the amount of a product that people buy or use

5)   imports                         e) the people who control a country and make laws

6)   insurance                      f) when there is not enough of something

7)   government                  g) goods and services a country buy abroad

8)   shortage                        h) a serious slowing down of the economy


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 II.    Complete each sentence with a word from the box.






auction       manufacturers



interest rates           price

  1. Unfortunately,........ for our products raised a little last year.

  2. They have lowered the........ of the product because the average customer can't

afford it.

  1. The Bank of England has again lowered ......., this time from 5% to 4.5%.

4........... produce new goods from raw materials.

  1. A.......... is someone who buys and sells stock.

  2. In an ……., the item for sale is sold to the customer who offers the highest price.

  3. In the winter sales the shops often give a……. of up to 50%.

  4. My......... always prepares my tax return for me.

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III.  Match ( 1-8) with ( a-h) to make sentences.


  1. Who is going to be


  1. Mergers and acquisitions are taking place between


  1. Have you seen


  1. Sales are up by 50%


  1. I work for a company


  1. We plan to launch a new sales campaign


  1. These types of products are becoming


  1. Our market researchers have come to the conclusion that


a)    last month's sales figures?


b)   that does outdoor advertising.


c)  compared to this time last year.


d)  increasingly popular.


e)    this is an effective approach .


f)    large companies in the same industry.


g)  to attract new customers.


h)  in the charge of this project?

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 IV.  Put the words in the right order.

  1. jobs, their, a lot, There, of, changes, are, staff, and , worried, are, about
  2. 2below, a price, for, Please, us, the, quote, goods, listed
  3. deal, Everybody, that, was , great, a, knew, it
  4. address, I, wrong, I'm, wrote, the, on, afraid, delivery, the, package
  5. deposit, let, Please, know, us, needed, how, is, much

V.   Choose the correct option a-c to complete the sentences.

  1. How long....... in sales?

a)  do you work           b) have you been working      c) were you working

  1. By the time I came back from my business trip, a lot of things ....... .

a)   had changed             b) has changed                         c) changed

  1. The company is huge. It........ a thousand new jobs since the beginning of last


a)   created                      b) had created                          c) has created

  1. We ....... this product since the beginning of the year.

a)  have produced           b) have been producing           c) had produced

  1. I'm afraid the company is going bankrupt. It........ big problems lately.

a)  had                          b) has had                            c) was having

  1. Before John celebrated his 26th birthday, he.......... his own company

a)   started                    b) has started                     c) had started

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 VI.      Complete each sentence with a verb in the correct form, - ing or to...

  1. The company succeeded in........ a profit.

a)  to make                        b) making

  1. I regret........ so much money last week.

a)  spending                       b) to spend

  1. The buyers want....... our terms of payment.

a)  knowing                       b) to know

  1. It's obvious he's only interested in...... money.

a)  to make                         b) making

  1. We should........ the software before giving it to users.

a)  testing                            b) test

  1. The agent promised....... me as soon as the new product became available.

a)  to call                              b) calling

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VII.    Rewrite the sentences in the passive.
  1. We will employ several workers. Several workers........ by us.

a)  will employ                       b) will be employed

  1. You told us there would be a bigger discount. We     there would be a bigger discount.

a)    were told                            b) told

  1. The fashion magazine sponsored the exhibition. The exhibition  by the fashion magazine.

a)    was sponsored                    b) is sponsored

  1. I have invested my money in real estate. My money in real estate.

a)  has been invested                    b) has invested

  1. Investors are putting a lot of money into China. A lot of money .......... by investors into China.

a)  is put                                     b) is being put

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 VIII.      Underline the correct words.

  1. Usually, if we lose money, we cut / will cut the advertising budget.
  2. Things are going badly, and if we lose money this year, we cut / will cut the adverting budget.
  3. It's unlikely, but if we lost any money this year, we will cut / would cut the advertising budget.

IX.  Translate the sentences from English into Russian.

  1. A progressive taxation system operates in many countries of the world. The more money a person earns the higher the tax he pays.
  2. Through taxation governments achieve different goals. They decrease the income gap between the rich and the poor, they discourage people from consuming harmful products and they control overall supply and demand.
  3. Most taxation revenues go on public   goods which include national defence, healthcare, education and others.

X.          A. Read this text

What is Money?

People in various cultures think of money in different ways. A London banker and an African tribesman have different ideas of what money is. Many people think of money as a currency - metal coins and paper bill. We need it to buy the things we want. We also get money for the work that we do. So, money is a way of exchanging goods and services. In the course of time people searched for better ways of trading goods. They found out that metal, especially gold and silver, was very valuable.

Some historians believe that the first coins were made at around 700 B.C. by the Lydians. But it was not until the late Middle Ages that coins became common throughout Europe. Metals were stamped and coins had to have a certain weight. People knew how many coins they needed to buy something because they had a fixed value. Paper money came into use about 300 years ago. The idea came from goldsmiths who gave people pieces of paper in exchange for their gold. These bills could be exchanged for their gold later on. Until the middle of the 20th century governments all over the world had deposits of gold that was worth as much as the money they gave to their people. Paper money had many advantages. It was cheaper to make and easier to carry around.

But there were also dangers. Governments could produce as much paper money as they wanted. If they produced too many banknotes and gave them to the people, they would have too much money to spend. If there were not enough goods to buy, prices would go up. The money then would lose its value. We call this inflation.

Today, the amount of money in circulation is controlled by central banks. They make sure that paper money has a constant value.   More and more people use credit cards to buy things. You don’t have to take real money with you.


B. Mark the sentences    a) T ( True )

a)     F ( False)

b)   NG ( Not Given )


  1. People knew how many coins they needed to buy something because they had   a market value.
    1. Paper money had many benefits.
    2. The idea of paper money travelled quickly to Europe.

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