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Контрольная работа по английскому языку вариант 5

Опубликовано 14.03.2022



        I. Прочитайте, перепишите и переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием  S и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т.е.  служит ли оно:

        1. показателем 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;

        2. признаком множественного числа имени существительного;

        3. показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.

Образец выполнения 1:

       1. In autumn many birds fly      1. Осенью многие птицы улетают в                                                                                                                                                   to warm countries .                                                               теплые  страны.

            Birds - множественное число от имени существительного a bird   -  птица.

      2. Most of the London’s  places of interest                   2. Большинство достопримечательностей               

         are situated to the north of the river Thames.               Лондона располагаются к северу от Темзы.

         Londons – притяжательный падеж имени существительного в единственном числе.

     3. In the United States  Mother’s Day                          3. В Соединенных Штатах Америки День

        is the second Sunday in May.                                        Матери отмечается во второе воскресенье


       States – множественное число от имени существительного state -  штат.

       Mother’s - притяжательный падеж имени существительного в единственном числе.

       1. Great Britain is one of the most densely populated countries of Europe.

       2. Moscow covers an area of about 880 square kilometers.

       3. George Stephenson’s early locomotives were used to carry loads in coal mines.

       4. The Tretyakov Gallery is Russia’s biggest and most important museum of Russian art.

       5. The water of Black Sea contains many chemical substances.

       II. Прочитайте, перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их, обращая внимание на особенности перевода на русский язык оборота  there + be.

       1. There are many good hotels in the town.

       2. There may be a number of ways of solving this problem.

       3. There will be a lot of guests at the party on Sunday.

      III. Прочитайте, перепишите и переведите данные предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения.

       1. My book is as interesting as yours.

       2. No animal is so long as King Kong.

       3. He drives more cautious than Bob.

       4. Actions speak louder than words.

       5. The earlier we leave, the sooner we will arrive.

       IV. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод неопределенных и отрицательных местоимений.

  1. Have you got any questions?

  2. He knew nothing about that accident.

  3. We must buy something for his birthday.

        V. Прочитайте, перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму, указав его инфинитив. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

Образец выполнения 2:

      Lomonosov founded the first Russian                          Ломоносов основал  первый русский

     University in Moscow                                                   университет в Москве.

    Founded - Past Indefinite Active от стандартного глагола to found.

1. The world sea surrounds the earth and belongs to us all.

   2. My brother has been taking music lessons for three years now.

   3. Ann is going to enter the university.

   4. Have you ever seen the ancient stone carvings?

   5. The main ideas were set forth in the statement which had appeared in the press the day          


        VI. Прочитайте и письменно переведите следующий текст.



      The Internet technology was created by Vinton Cerf in early 1973 as part of a project headed by Robert Kahn and conducted by the Advanced Research Projects Agency, part of the United States Department of De­fence. Later Cerf made many efforts to build and stand­ardise the Internet. In 1984 the technology and the net­work were turned over to the private sector and to gov­ernment scientific agencies for further development. The growth has continued exponentially. Service-provider companies that make «gateways» to the Internet avail­able to home and business users enter the market in ever-increasing numbers. By early 1995, access was available in 180 countries and more than 30 million users used the Internet. The Internet and its technology continue to have a profound effect in promoting the exchange of in­formation, making possible rapid transactions among businesses, and supporting global collaboration among individuals and organizations. More than 100 million computers are connected via the global Internet in 2000, and even more are attached to enterprise internets. The development of the World Wide Web leads to the rapid introduction of new business tools and activities that may lead to annual business transactions on the Internet worth hundreds of billions of dollars.

      All sorts of things are available on the WWW. One can use Internet for recreational purposes. Many TV and radio stations broadcast live on the WWW. Essentially, if something can be put into digital format and stored in a computer, then it's available on the WWW. You can even visit museums, gardens, cities throughout the world, learn foreign languages and meet new friends. And, of course, you can play computer games through WWW, competing with partners from other countries and continents. Just a little bit of exploring the World Wide Web will show you what a lot of use and fun it is.



Контрольная работа по английскому языку

Опубликовано 27.09.2021

The plan of the Discussion of the Text

1. Speak about the author and the book from which the extract is taken.
2. Characterize the extract from the point of its structure (form, composition).
The text may present:
- a piece of dramatic prose; a piece of narration (an account of events);
- a description (of nature, of some historic event, of surroundings, of a humorous episode);
- a piece of criticism; a satirical portrayal of society;
- a piece of character-drawing (of portraiture, a psychological portrayal of some personages);
- a dialogue;
- a dramatic monologue.
Here often than not the text presents several components. Name all of them. (For example, "Several forms of presentation interrelate in this text'').
3. State whether the narration is first-person, third-person or anonymous.
If it is done in the first person, mention whether the narrator is his own protagonist (the chief character of the story) or he may focus on another.
If it is done in the third person, the narrator focuses on some other character of whom he may have direct knowledge but acts as an observer.
The narrator may have no direct relation to the person he speaks about, he may not be present at all, he may be entirely anonymous.
4. Summarize the essence of the extract in a nut-shell (or reveal the plot of the story, passage, etc.)
The plot is a sequence of events in which the characters are involved. The theme and the idea revealed.
The theme (or the subject) is the matter of a literary work to be dealt with, the represented aspect of life.
The idea of a literary work is the underlying thought and emotional attitude transmitted to the reader by the whole structure of the text.
The plot may be eventless or very rich in events. Events are made of episodes, episodes, in their turn, of smaller action details.
The account of events may be detached, unemotional or passionate.
The plot may consist of:
- introduction (exposition),
- development (gradation, story),
- climax (collision),
- denouement.
An extract of a literary work (or a story) may have all of the above mentioned elements of the plot or it may not contain all of them and their sequence in the text may vary.
Speak on the plot of the story (beginning, development, end), say in what order the elements of the plot follow (exposition, story, climax, denouement).
5. State whether the extract falls into logically completed parts. Entitle them; give a brief summary of each. Find sentences or words which may serve key-sentences, key-words; motivate your choices.
6. In what mood is the text written?
It may be dry, matter-of-fact, dramatic, lyrical, pathetic (touching), elated, passionate, unemotional, serious, mocking, ironical, satirical, cheerful or gloomy, bitter, tense and nervous or light. How is it revealed? What stylistic devices are employed to this end?
7. Speak about central characters.
Is their characterization direct, indirect or mixed? Prove it. To what stylistic devices does the author resort in character drawing? Comment on their choice and purpose.
8. Speak about your own attitude.